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Completed Research Projects


Political economy of competitiveness and openness to trade

Considering the increasing liberalization of global trade and services in recent decades, the associated intensification of transnational economic relations and increased  competition of locations, questions about the effects of economic openness as well as the determinants of international competitiveness are becoming increasingly more important.

Therefore, it was examined how increasing (trade) openness affects an economy. The second part of the study dealt with the question, which factors are decisive for export success and on this basis sought to determine which form of sectoral specialization can contribute to preserving or expanding the international competitiveness of an economy.

Please find more information here. (only available in German)

Economic polarization in Europe - Causes and options for action

The study documents the process of multi-dimensional polarization of the eurozone countries and links the existing economic divergences with a long-term central problem, the structural polarization of the eurozone.

Please find more information here. (only available in German)

Inheritances and concentration of wealth in Austria

This project deals with the estimation of wealth in Austria on the basis of statistical methods. Based on data from the European Commission's Household Finance Consumption Survey (HFCS), as well as a "modification method" developed in the course of the project, private assets in Austria are considered to be higher and more unequally distributed than widely assumed.

Please find more information here. (only available in German)

Status, networks and development perspectives of the economic discipline

In this study, the comparative inventory of the current profile and the future development trends in German and US economics (see research project "Networks, paradigms & attitudes") is extended to the collection of the profile of British economics. The aim is to further accelerate the comparative value of the previous study and, in particular, to explore more deeply the thesis of a "unique German path" in economics or economic policy.

Please find more information here. (only available in German)

Procurement procedures for public railway systems

In the light of ongoing discussions over adequate procurement procedures for public railway projects in Europe, this project aims to analyse the relationship of procurement procedures, the cost of providing public transport services and the quality of such services.

This analysis contributes to the debate over public transport systems because to this date no structured international comparison of said relationship exists.

More information about the project can be found here. (only available in German).

Pre-study for a journal ranking "Political Economy"

Journal ratings are now widely used by university administrations when making decisions on promotion, hiring and the allocation of workload. Because of the dominance of neoclassical mainstream economics most existing journal ratings are biased in favor of the standard economic approach and discriminate against journals dedicated to heterodox economics and/or political economy. In particular, at present there is no recognition of political economy as a distinct field. Specifically, in our project we suggest to create an integrated journal ranking for heterodox economics and related fields like economic sociology, international political economy or economic geography, that is, we aim to create a journal-ranking for political economy journals. Such a ranking would not only provide a more balanced and useful measurement of journal impact and visibility, but would also contribute to a more intense integration of said fields. The latter aspect is especially important as heterodox economics and political economy are research fields that are dispersed across several disciplines – a common journal-ranking would thereby provide an institutional anchoring point for political economy as a transdisciplinary field of research. 

The economic effects of the Tyrolian transport reform

This research project uses input-output analysis to estimate the impact of the recent Tyrolian transport reform. It thereby takes into account the direct value added created by investment in existing capacities as well as the effect of lower fare prices on household disposable income and consumption. It also accounts for value-added effects due to the associated production taking place in the supplying industries as well as additional consumption demand due to the additional income created within this process.

Economic policy and the performativity of economic models

This research project aims at analyzing the role of economic models in economic policy-making. Specifically, we investigate the impact of CGE models, related to the TTIP debate, and potential output models, related to fiscal policy in the EU, on political decision-making and public debate.

Please find more information here.

Lost in citation: citation behavior and networks in economics

Several disciplines and their scientific societies increasingly distance themselves from the use of bibliometric measures aimed at assessing the quality of research. In contrast, economists seems rather eager to define quantitative ways to evaluate single contributions, researchers or research institutions. The projects collected here aim at documenting how citations and simplistic bibliometric measures are a potentially misleading tool to evaluate research quality in economics and elsewhere, which nonetheless shape the development of academic fields.

Please find more information here.

Networks, paradigms and attitudes

This study aims to describe the current profile as well as future developments in economics in Germany and the USA. The study was conducted in the light of a special strand of economics that seems to have been established in Germany. Using data of current economics professors in Germany (full census) and the USA (samples), a typology of research interests and academic impact was established.

Please find more information here. (only available in German)

About the state and profile of economics in German speaking countries

In the light of an ongoing debate about the paradigmatic position of economics from German speaking countries within the discipline, this project aims to describe the current profile of economics in German speaking countries (i.e. Austria, Germany, Switzerland). In order to do so, an empirical analysis of all active professors (active at an economics department during the period of time when the project was realised) regarding their academic research profile as well as their impact beyond academia (especially their consultancy activities in economic matters) was conducted.

Please find more information here. (only available in German)

The European shadow banking system

This project aims to establish a country-based typology of the European shadow banking system using data from all member states of the European Union. To do so, data about the size as well as the relative economic relevance of the sector in the respective countries was gathered. The result is a categorisation in three types of shadow banking systems in Europe.

Please find more information about the project here (only available in German).

Distribution and fairness: philosophical perspectives

The aim of this project is to outline philosophical perspectives on fairness and justice as well as to discuss the implications of said perspectives on the fairness of distribution in economic matters. The scope of discussion includes ideas of what fairness/justice is and how it can be interpreted from the perspective of historical and contemporary philosophy.

Please find more information about the project here (only available in German).

 

Economists and politics

This project covers the following questions.

  1. How did economists in German speaking countries position themselves in the public debate at the end of the 1960s/beginning of the 1970s and after 2000?
  2. How can their impact on various different levels be measured and ranked?
  3. How exactly did economist in German speaking countries influence economic developments?

Please find more information about the project here (only available in German).

The financial crisis 2007-2009: shadow banking and offshore system

The aim of this research project is to conduct an institutional analysis of the shadow banking system (SBS) and the offshore-system (OS) as well as their symbiotic relationship to better understand the current financial system and shed light on the causes of the financial crisis.

Please find more information about the project here (only available in German).

Economists and economics

This project studied the paradigmatic stance of German speaking economists after 1945. To do so, developments, recruitment processes, institutional manifestations and linkages within German economics after 1945 were critically discussed. Special focus was given on the more or less monolithic alignment of economics. Further, the development, retreat and exclusion of heterodox economics was analysed.

Please find more information about the project here (only available in German).

An analysis of the positioning of German spekaing economists within economics.

The aim of this project was to investigate the relationship between the paradigmatic thematic orientation (discourse) and the institutional profile (structure, networks) of German speaking economics.

Please find more information about the project here (only available in German).