Go to JKU Homepage
Institute for Measurement Technology
What's that?

Institutes, schools, other departments, and programs create their own web content and menus.

To help you better navigate the site, see here where you are at the moment.

Master Theses.

 

Strain Measurement Of Thin Natural Fibers Using Laser Speckles

Ricardo Gridling

Ricardo Gridling

Thin natural fibres are very versatile components with outstanding mechanical properties. Therefore, it is of great interest to obtain their mechanical characteristics. This thesis proposes a simple and cost-efficient method for single fibre tensile testing. Due to the small cross section of natural fibres, only contactless strain measurements are possible.

The tensile testing device based on the Lorentz force principle is realized with a brushless DC motor drive. This enables a high dynamic range with superior accuracy. For the necessary calibration in the millinewton range, a method based on a precision balance is shown. Experiments confirm that this working principle is very promising, although special equipment is needed for high accuracy measurements.

 

Fig. 1: Measurement setup for the calibration of the force actuator using a precision balance. Fig. 1: Measurement setup for the calibration of the force actuator using a precision balance.

This work uses laser speckles for contactless strain evaluation. Speckles are random interference patterns that occur on rough surfaces when illuminated by sufficiently coherent light. Surface movement or deformation leads to changes in the speckle pattern. By tracking these changes, the movement or deformation can be estimated quantitatively. Application of a cross spectral density estimator allows the estimation of strain based on subpixel displacements of the speckle signal captured by the camera used. It is shown that this application is also in need for special equipment and in-depth consideration of wave-optics and signal theory are indispensable for high precision measurements.

 

Fig. 2: Result of the actuator calibration. Family of caracteristics of the force actuator over motor angle. Fig. 2: Result of the actuator calibration. Family of caracteristics of the force actuator over motor angle.

Keywords: laser speckles, lorentz force actuator, tensile testing, strain measurement, calibration, cross power spectral density estimator

 

March 25, 2022