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Übernimmt ChatGPT bald unsere Jobs?

Studie der Universität Pennsylvania zur Substitution von Berufen.

Studierender mit Notebook im Science Café sitzend, im Hintergrund weitere Gäste

Eloundou, Tyna & Manning, Sam & Mishkin, Pamela & Rock, Daniel. (2023). GPTs are GPTs: An Early Look at the Labor Market Impact Potential of Large Language Models.


We investigate the potential implications of Generative Pre-trained Transformer (GPT) models and related technologies on the U.S. labor market. Using a new rubric, we assess occupations based on their correspondence with GPT capabilities, incorporating both human expertise and classifications from GPT-4. Our findings indicate that approximately 80% of the U.S. workforce could have at least 10% of their work tasks affected by the introduction of GPTs, while around 19% of workers may see at least 50% of their tasks impacted. The influence spans all wage levels, with higher-income jobs potentially facing greater exposure. Notably, the impact is not limited to industries with higher recent productivity growth. We conclude that Generative Pre-trained Transformers exhibit characteristics of general-purpose technologies (GPTs), suggesting that as these models could have notable economic, social, and policy implications.